Understanding justification, sanctification, and glorification. He was radically saved out of a life of drug addiction on November 12, In , he founded Replicate Ministries to educate, equip, and empower believers to make disciples who make disciples. Robby and his wife, Kandi, are the proud parents of two sons, Rig and Ryder. To some degree, everybody grows up in a world where love is conditional. Live the Promise on November 26, We often live with false assumptions about God's grace that keep us from experiencing that grace the way God intended.
Live the Promise on October 19, Live the Promise on June 29, Amidst a world of confusion and chaos, Lisa invites us to grow in the likeness of our new names and embrace our true identity in Jesus Christ. Are you drowning in the desert? Finney's " Systematic Theology " is offered to those who are committed to the "strong meat" of the Word of God, i. Faith and Life as Present Possessions.
He that loveth not his brother abideth in death" 1John 3: Also, "He that believeth on the Son hath Everlasting Life: Reading the Word of God and hearing the claims of the Gospel of Jesus Christ are necessary and good, but embracing Christ by faith gives blessing only on account of your keeping of those things heard and read. A clear distinction must be made between Intellectual Faith and Evangelical Faith. Intellectual Faith is a clear understanding and apprehension of the Truth that may even affect the hearer emotionally, but it does not produce Evangelical Fruit, i. History is littered with multitudes who have heard a clear presentation of the claims of Christ, but have chosen to withhold repentance, trust, and obedience from the Son of God.
Since faith cannot be humanly separated from works, we must evaluate faith-- or the lack of it-- by one's works.
Dear Martin Luther achieved such a victory for the cause of Christ to direct so many away from the darkness of Rome's Christless salvation, that it was difficult for him to reconcile the Epistle of James-- "What doth it profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? Though Luther asserted that the Epistle of James was a "right strawy epistle" "eine rechte stroherne epistle" , he still included it as an inspired book in his German translation of the New Testament.
But, Rome subverted the words of the Epistle of James-- "Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only" James 2: Instead of teaching Faith's consistency with the Works of Faith, Rome used James simply to promote the keeping of Rome's sacraments. Rome did not desire that her children would lean in faith solely upon the Word of God and the Christ revealed therein; and so, Rome's justification by works is really a justification by the deeds of the Law.
What Does the Catholic Church Teach Concerning Salvation?-Part 2
Faith is an Act of the Will. Evangelical Faith, according to Charles G. Finney, is a "phenomenon of will. It is an efficient state of mind, and therefore it must consist in the embracing of the truth by the heart or will.
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It is the will's closing in with the truths of the gospel. It is the soul's act of yielding itself up, or committing itself to the truths of the evangelical system. It is a trusting in Christ, a committing the soul and the whole being to him, in his various offices and relations to men.
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It is a confiding in him, and in what is revealed of him, in his word and providence, and by his Spirit" from Lecture 55 on "Faith and Unbelief" of Finney's "Systematic Theology". Though God gives Himself and His Word to be believed upon, faith must be an act of the human will, or there is no more virtue in believing than not believing. This embarrassment and de-emphasis of the will of man in the exercise of Evangelical Faith has been a traditional position of Professed Christianity.
Before atheists get too exited by this, it isn't an admission that Christians are naturally stupid, though no doubt some will choose to read it that way. Rather it is the recognition that there is a long-standing theme within Christian thought that sees the Christian message as having a particular appeal to the underclass, not only those socially and politically alienated, but also those the intellectually and educationally excluded. Christ often remarked with particular relish, and disappointment, on the inability of the educated elite of his time to get what he was about.
There is a distinct anti-elitist strand in his teaching, which reaches a peculiar, parenthetical climax half way through Luke's gospel when the evangelist observes: It was thus a fundamental tenet of Christianity that not only was the gospel for all, no matter how they were disenfranchised, but that it had a particular simplicity to it. It was this idea that led 17th-century radicals to assert, against their educated peers, that although learning was useful to lawyers and gentlemen, the pulpit was better suited to uneducated persons as they were more open to the Spirit's teaching.
It was this idea that inspired early Chartists to seize upon the Bible as their justification. Nor was this simply a self-serving attitude, peddled by the ill-educated because they had most to gain from it. It was this idea that drove the exceptional linguist and Oxford scholar William Tyndale to risk and eventually lose his life so the ploughboy might read the Bible in his own language. It was this idea that inspired John Locke's doctrine of equality, which he justified not only by the creation stories of Genesis but also by the accessibility of the gospel itself.
Often, the death of Christ plays an important role in this rescue. The view appears to have arisen during the 3rd century,  in the writings of Origen and other theologians. In one version of the idea, Satan attempted to take Jesus' soul after he had died, but in doing so over-extended his authority, as Jesus had never sinned. As a consequence, Satan lost his authority completely, and all humanity gained freedom. In another version, God entered into a deal with Satan, offering to trade Jesus' soul in exchange for the souls of all people, but after the trade, God raised Jesus from the dead and left Satan with nothing.
Another idea is that Jesus came to teach how not to sin and Satan, in anger with this, tried to take his soul.
The ransom theory is not widely held in the West. In the 11th century, Anselm of Canterbury rejected the ransom view and proposed the satisfaction theory of atonement. He allegedly depicted God as a feudal lord recently, this claim has been criticized as a Straw man  whose honour had been offended by the sins of humankind. In this view, people needed salvation from the divine punishment that these offences would bring, since nothing they could do could repay the honour debt.
Anselm held that Christ had infinitely honoured God through his life and death and that Christ could repay what humanity owed God, thus satisfying the offence to God's honour and doing away with the need for punishment. When Anselm proposed the satisfaction view, it was immediately criticised by Peter Abelard. In the 16th century, the Protestant Reformers reinterpreted Anselm's satisfaction theory of salvation within a legal paradigm.
In the legal system, offences required punishment, and no satisfaction could be given to avert this need. They proposed a theory known as penal substitution , in which Christ takes the penalty of people's sin as their substitute, thus saving people from God's wrath against sin. Penal substitution thus presents Jesus saving people from the divine punishment of their past wrongdoings.
However, this salvation is not presented as automatic. Rather, a person must have faith in order to receive this free gift of salvation. In the penal substitution view, salvation is not dependent upon human effort or deeds. The penal substitution paradigm of salvation is widely held among Protestants, who often consider it central to Christianity. However, it has also been widely critiqued. A crucial difference between the Catholic and Calvinist understanding of salvation is that, unlike Calvinism, Catholicism believes that, after the Fall , humanity did not become totally corrupt as per " total depravity ", which precludes humanity from any merit in salvation , but was only "wounded by sin," and "stands in need of salvation from God", nevertheless, "it is human nature so fallen, stripped of the grace that clothed it, injured in its own natural powers and subjected to the dominion of death, that is transmitted to all men Divine help comes in Christ through the law that guides and the grace that sustains, by which souls work out their "own salvation with fear and trembling.
Catholics profess belief that Christ alone is the Saviour of the human race. Christ is God incarnate , bringing about redemption from sin, for "…all salvation comes through Christ.
In Catholicism, justification is granted by God via the act ex opere operato of baptism firstly,  by which the subject is formally justified and made holy by Christ's justice and holiness causa formalis ,  instead of appropriated plainly by a living faith as under sola fide , and normally from the sacrament of reconciliation after if a mortal sin is committed.
Christ can work apart and before the sacrament of baptism, as desire for eventual baptism is grace enough to be saved, since God is not tied to work by means of his instituted sacraments. It is to them that the sacrament of Penance offers a new possibility to convert and to recover the grace of justification. The Fathers of the Church present this sacrament as "the second plank [of salvation] after the shipwreck which is the loss of grace. This is why the Catholic Church teaches that Christians outside of the Church can be saved, since in many cases other Christian denominations do not possess the priesthood instituted from Jesus Christ and thus lack access to the "binding and loosing" that priests of the New Covenant practice through the sacrament.
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The Catholic Church declared in the ecumenical Council of Trent that, "If anyone says that the sinner is justified by faith alone, meaning that nothing else is required to cooperate in order to obtain the grace of justification, and that it is not in any way necessary that he be prepared and disposed by the action of his own will, let him be anathema. Shaking the hand of the evangelist must indicate that you forever place your hand, heart, and life in the pierced hands of the Savior.
Some have argued that they have always accepted Christ. Christ must become to you more than a mere figure of history. When you receive Him it must be with more than intellectual assent. To be saved, Christ must be the greatest, nearest, and dearest Person in your life. It is true that Jesus Christ is the greatest Man in history.
But He is more than that—He is the God-Man. It is also a fact that He lived a life of wonderful example. His life was absolutely, sinlessly perfect.
Confident in our salvation
You may accept the truth that He died innocently and sacrificially, but until you see that He died for you, personally, you cannot know salvation. Please understand that salvation is never yours on the basis of your acknowledgment of the Jesus of history. To be saved, one must personally receive the Christ of Calvary.
You must place your entire trust and faith in Him. Sincerity does not constitute salvation. The man who is sincere yet wrong is just as lost as the hypocrite. God demands that you be both sincere and right to be saved. To depend upon sincerity is to die in your sins. Nor is repentance synonymous with salvation. Repentance is sorrow for sin and often leads to salvation. But it is never enough to be sorry for sin.
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Tears will never cleanse a guilty heart. Being under conviction is not salvation. Conviction of heart is often God-sent and may lead one to the realization of his or her desperate need. In this way conviction may become an arrow pointing to Christ, but salvation takes place when the convicted one rests his all in an all-sufficient Christ.
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