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Email or Customer ID. Schiller also assisted Goethe in Weimar in the direction of the Court Theater by adapting many plays for that stage. Succumbing to an early tragic illness, Schiller died on May 9, , at the age of 46 in Weimar. Schiller's message of freedom and love of the great spiritual potential that humans are capable of attaining can be felt in all of his works. Besides for "The Robbers" and a few others, he also wrote plays about historical subjects, choosing real historical figures who were struggling for their own freedom and self-expressions, and who could be seen as heroes and true individuals that stood out from the turmoil of the times.
His dramatic trilogy "Wallenstein" , named after a great general, depicted the tumultuous period of the Thirty Years War. The historical drama "Maria Stuart" was about Queen Elizabet I of England and the last days of Mary Queen of Scots, who was held captive in the Castle of Fothernghay and later executed simply because she was related to Elizabeth and thus a "Threat". Another play of Schiller called "The Maid of Orleans" was about Joan of Arc, a heroic French girl who turned the tide of war and led her nation to victory, but was betrayed by her own people and religiously persecuted for her strong self-expression.
In the last drama "Wilhelm Tell" , about the Swiss hero of that name, Schiller paid tribute to freedom and the dignity of men living close to Nature, a tribute to self-identity of a people that Schiller thought could be an inspiration to his own people. It was immortalized by the great composer Beethoven who wrote music to that poem and made it the dramatic, emotional, and spiritual conclusion of his titanic Ninth Symphony.
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Deep meaning often lies in childish plays. Schiller's original poetic hymn "To Joy" is posted at the bottom of the page with its corresponding translation Note that although he was formally a Christian - as was Goethe and the Romantics, including Eichendorff -, their references to the divinity is very broad and non exclusive.
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Indeed, they were dissatisfied by the way that the church conducted its affairs, and sought out a spirituality that would stem from their own sincerity, as opposed to stale alls-size-fit-all cookie cutter religiosity. This spiritual striving and quest was the very foundation upon which their creative achievements were based So despite their formal training, there is nothing Christian in their works, and although they reference divinity in the singular form, they are not confined by monotheistic doctrines Their hearts lie deep in the hidden valleys of their nation's past.
A Funeral Fantasie Pale, at its ghastly noon, Pauses above the death-still wood--the moon; The night-sprite, sighing, through the dim air stirs; The clouds descend in rain; Mourning, the wan stars wane, Flickering like dying lamps in sepulchres! Haggard as spectres--vision-like and dumb, Dark with the pomp of death, and moving slow, Towards that sad lair the pale procession come Where the grave closes on the night below.
With dim, deep-sunken eye, Crutched on his staff, who trembles tottering by?
Interpretation Zu Friederich Schiller "Die Rauber"
As wrung from out the shattered heart, one groan Breaks the deep hush alone! Crushed by the iron fate, he seems to gather All life's last strength to stagger to the bier, And hearken--Do these cold lips murmur "Father? Fresh bleed the fiery wounds Through all that agonizing heart undone-- Still on the voiceless lips "my Father" sounds, And still the childless Father murmurs "Son! Dead, what thy life's delight and Eden were! Mild, as when, fresh from the arms of Aurora, While the air like Elysium is smiling above, Steeped in rose-breathing odors, the darling of Flora Wantons over the blooms on his winglets of love.
So gay, o'er the meads, went his footsteps in bliss, The silver wave mirrored the smile of his face; Delight, like a flame, kindled up at his kiss, And the heart of the maid was the prey of his chase. Boldly he sprang to the strife of the world, As a deer to the mountain-top carelessly springs; As an eagle whose plumes to the sun are unfurled, Swept his hope round the heaven on its limitless wings.
Proud as a war-horse that chafes at the rein, That, kingly, exults in the storm of the brave; That throws to the wind the wild stream of its mane, Strode he forth by the prince and the slave!
Life like a spring day, serene and divine, In the star of the morning went by as a trance; His murmurs he drowned in the gold of the wine, And his sorrows were borne on the wave of the dance. Worlds lay concealed in the hopes of his youth!
[Friedrich Schiller and Psychosomatics from the Perspective of Recent Research].
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